signs and symptoms of lung cancer

Before starting the discussion about Signs and Symptoms of Lung Cancer lets discuss first Lung Cancer types.

Lung cancer types

Lung cancer has two major types, small cell lung cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer. These are classified upon the appearance of microscopic tumor cells. They can spread, grow and treated differently so you should know about the difference in these lung cancer types.

  • Small cell lung cancer

This type of lung cancer is strongly related to a smoking cigarette, which is the most aggressive type. It is growing rapidly too many sites in the body and often diagnosed when spread widely.

  • Non-small cell lung cancer

It is the most common type of lung cancer which has three types of cells exists in the tumor:

  1. Adenocarcinomas– the most common type of lung cancer found in both women and men.
  2. Squamous cell carcinomas– accounts for 25% of all lung cancer
  3. Large cell carcinomas– the least type accounts for 10% of tumors.

Signs and symptoms of lung cancer

Lung cancer has no symptoms at the beginning of the disease that’s why you can’t diagnose until it becomes advanced. So you should know about the early symptoms of lung cancer. A lung cancer symptom also varies according to gender but most of the signs and symptoms are common in both men and women. Following are the signs and symptoms you can learn about:

  1. Early symptoms of lung cancer
  • A cough that lingers
  • Changes in a cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Wheezing
  • Change in voice (raspy, hoarse)
  • A headache
  • Weight loss
  • Bone pain
  1. Symptoms of lung cancer in women

Adenocarcinoma is mostly found in women and nonsmokers and it is the most common type of lung cancer.  Assigns and symptoms of lung cancer are mostly similar in both

men and women but some of the symptoms are different. The symptoms of lung cancer in women include:

  • Fatigue
  • Chest pains
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Wheezing
  • Coughing
  • Weight loss
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite
  • Hoarseness of the voice
  1. Symptoms of lung cancer in men

Squamous cell carcinoma of the lungs is most commonly found in men which tend to grow near the airways. The symptoms of that disease include:

  • A chronic cough
  • Wheezing
  • Hoarseness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Coughing up blood
  • Lungs infection (bronchitis or pneumonia or lung collapse)

While small cell lung cancers are more often in men than women cause it related to smoking. And you should know about the symptoms of it which include:

  • Headaches
  • Changing behavior
  • Changes in vision
  • Feeling weakness in one side of the body

Lung cancer stages

As lung cancer has two types so the stages vary according to it. The small cell lung cancer stages are classified into two types:

  • Limited stage: where cancer found only in one lung. Sometimes it may include the lymph nodes.
  • Extensive stage: where cancer has spread to the other lung or to the other organs also.

While non-small cell lung cancer stages are as follow:

  • Stage 1: where cancer present in the underlying lung tissue but lymph nodes stay unaffected.
  • Stage 2: where cancer spread to lymph nodes and chest wall.
  • Stage 3: cancer has spread from lungs to lymph nodes and another nearby part of the organs like heart, esophagus, and
  • Stage 4: cancer has metastasized into the whole body and may affect the bones, brain, and

Lung cancer treatment

Your lung cancer treatment will depend upon the few factors which include; the type, size, position and stage of your cancer and also the condition of your health. Surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy are the main options for your treatment depending upon the type of cancer you are suffering from.

Chemotherapy or Radiotherapy

If you have diagnosed a small cell lung cancer then it will be treated with chemotherapy or with the combination of radiotherapy.  Surgery is not used to treat this type of lung cancer. While if you have non-small cell lung cancer than according to your health condition it will be removed through surgery. But if your cancer has spread widely than chemotherapy is recommended by your specialists.

Next Procedure

Before surgery, the doctor takes a few tests to check your health condition. There are also three types of surgery for lung cancer patients:

  • Lobectomy– one or a large part of a lung removed in it.
  • Pneumonectomy– the entire lungs are removed.
  • Segmentectomy– a small piece of lung is removed.

Lung cancer survival rate

The lung cancer survival rate has no accuracy that how long a patient survives with the disease.  The factors that affect the survival rates are sex, health, treatment, and race. It depends upon how many people remain alive in a certain amount of time. It also depends upon the lung cancer stages and the treatment.

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